Empathy is at the heart of what it means to be human. It’s a foundation for good relationships and professional success. It’s key to preventing many forms of cruelty.

How can parents cultivate empathy in children during these times, especially when there are so many competing priorities? And how can they balance — and guide their children in balancing — self-care and care for others? The following are five guideposts based on research and the wisdom of practitioners.